Doring Bay Abalone is an equity project that belongs to the emerging farmers/ beneficiaries who are the community representatives . The community through the shareholding of Auburn Malakaza and the trust own 65% of the business.

South Africa has become the largest abalone producer outside of Asia and over-exploitation of wild abalone stocks by poaching and high market prices have been the main drivers for its cultivation. Favourable coastal water quality and infrastructure, also facilitated rapid growth of the abalone industry in South Africa. The expansion of the industry is expected to continue. However, access to suitable coastal land and the dependence on wild harvest of kelp for feed doesn't come without challenges.

Our Story

Wayne Cooke, who has 35% shares in the project, is happy to report that this project is maturing into a great abalone farm.

After 75 years in production, the Oceana Crayfish Factory unexpectedly closed its doors, Doring Baai was left in a state of complete despair.

Therefore in 2007 the Doring Baai Development Trust was formed and in turn the Doring Bay Abalone farm was established. The trust represents the entire Doring Baai community and has, along with the Doring Bay Abalone Farm been this small towns saving grace.

Wayne Cooke, who has 35% shares in the project, is happy to report that this project is maturing into a great abalone farm.

We have now been through one summer and one winter and have managed to get stats on the growth of our animals on the farm. We are happy with their performance and see the growth only improving once we start putting our own spat (spawn or larvae of shellfish, especially oysters) into the system.

Wayne Cooke

Chief Executive Officer
Doring Bay Abalone PTY LTD

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Danny Boyles

Director of Boards, Machinima

This abalone farming project prides itself with their financials being up-to-date at all times. The farm continues to grow at a steady pace under the watchful eye of its management team. It is moving along extremely well and all stakeholders can be very proud of the way it has developed.

This rural company is a testimony of success negotiated by an impoverished fishing community and has changed and improved hundreds of families lives

After registration on the Seda database, an assessment was done with the recommendations of doing the Promotional Material for the client.

A medium to communicate the successes of the company was needed. During the planning of the interventions the opportunity of the PERA (Premier’s Entrepreneurship Recognition Awards) came up in August 2016.

After a rigorous shortlisting procedure the company was shortlisted as one of three in its category. A special booklet was also published by the Western Cape Government, giving a background of all the shortlisted companies.

On 23 November the company won the PERA Award for Best Job Creating Business in the Western Cape.

The Environmental Record of Decision was approved by the Provincial Government to increase the plant from a 40 tonnage farm to a 60 tonnage farm. In terms of the industry benchmark of 1 job created for one ton, an additional 43 permanent jobs were created.

Negotiations with Department of Fisheries started for the permit to cultivate more abalone. Negotiations with the IDC (Industrial Development Corporation) started for additional funding to finance the expansion.
The brand of the company is now growing and becoming more visible constantly.

What we do

Wayne Cooke – CEO and Auburn Malakaza–Operations Director originally dived most of the brood stock from their natural habitat in the ocean and purchased the other brood stock from other farms. Doring Bay have proudly increased this number to approximately 300 Brood stock animals in the hatchery area.
Brood stock animals go through a conditioning process for 18 months before starting to produce larvae. The hatchery is run and maintained by Doring Bay Hatchery Manager - Raymond Ferreira.

They arrive in the weaning area from settlement after 3 months, through stocking density we make sure that there aren’t too many under each cone so they can grow faster.

In weaning we feed them an artificial diet and introduce them to other seaweeds – other types of kelp. Once they are big enough and ready for the grow-out stage the animals are anesthetized and restocked for maximum growth potential. This is done at about a size of 17 – 20mm in length – 0.8 and 1.8 g.

From here they are placed in baskets and looked after by Samuel and the staff in the grow-out section until they are at market size of +-100g. This whole process will take 4 years to complete.


When they are ready Raymond induces spawning of males and females – roughly about 6 hours in to the process they start to spawn (separately), as soon they have done this, depending on the value of the batch they are then added together and remain together for 12 to 17 hours.


Once they hatch, they are called Trochophore Larvae – Larvae free swimming – the pelagic larvae remain in the laval raring bins for 5 days living in a water that is filtered down to 1 micron and UV sterilized, here the larvae live off their internal yolk – these animals are extremely small – ¼ of a millimeter in size.


The larvae actively selects the substrate – they attach to the substrate – and they start to eat the algae on the plates. They remain on the substrate for 3 months, Once the larvae have permanently attached to a surface, (in farming this is done on substrate plates) they are known as SPAT – this process is the settlement process, here they change and develop into an young Abalone and the start of its growth process.


Spat are moved to the weaning area from settlement and live under cones for the next 6 months and are fed an artificial feed and natural kelp products to help with juvenile growth. Once they have reach 9 months of age they are moved from the weaning area and passed onto the grow-out platforms to complete their lives on the farm.

Abalone farming, natural kelp beds and seaweed harvesting are interlinked. There are several options and constraints for expanding the abalone industry, mainly related to abalone feeding development to meet this growing demand. Abalone waste discharges are not at present regarded as a major concern and farming brings important employment opportunities to lower income groups in remote coastal communities and has positive spill-over effects on the seaweed industry and abalone processing industry.

The Community

Ruben Saul represents the community on the board of Directors and it’s the only community that owns a majority share of 37% in a commercial Abalone farm. The business has a number of stakeholders that continue to support it, such as the local Matzikama municipality, Tronox Mining ,the departments of Mineral Resources and Department of Argriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. These departments significantly assist with the Economic Development in the Western Cape.

Abalone farming is labour-intensive. Growing tanks and pipes are cleaned weekly and various other activities require skilled labour that can not be substituted with machines. The industry norm in terms of staff for abalone farming roughly equals one staff member per ton of abalone produced. The planned development will create training and employment opportunities for hundreds of local residents who are currently unemployed, and will play a major role in the sustainable development of the entire region.

Once the production levels of 200 – 300 tons is reached, the company will have helped to bring down the unemployment rate in the region by around 60%. Additional opportunities will also be created during the development, such as jobs in the transportation of the product, administrative staff, processing of the product, local production of feed and other, service-related opportunities.

The Ecosystem

Over the last decade, the aquaculture farming industry has more than doubled its production and today 30% of total world fish and shellfish supply is produced through farming. This rapid growth has resulted in a growing awareness by scientists, industry, the public and politicians about environmental impacts of certain types of aquaculture.

A future major challenge for the aquiculture farming industry is therefore to develop systems that minimise untreated effluents, habitat destruction, spreading of pathogens and non-indigenous species, and that have low dependencies on finite fishmeal resources. Although abalone farming represents an intensive flow- through system, it releases, compared to e.g. fish cage farming, only limited amounts of nutrient wastes. The main reason for this is feeding mainly kelp or feeds with low fishmeal content. Due to the high-energy coasts of South Africa, with massive mixing and naturally high levels of upwelled nutrients, nutrient effluents from farms most likely have insignificant effects on the coast.


Doring Bay Abalone offers an opportunity for investors to become part of a highly profitable and sustainable business and the prospect to play an important role in the sustainable development of this unique community on the West Coast of South Africa.

We are actively looking for investment into this exciting project. We already have both local and foreign investment and believe that new investors will see a healthy return while contributing to a positive effect on the environment.

If you would like to read more, please click on the button below and download the investor prospectus.

Our team

Ruben Saul

Board Chairman and HR manager

Wayne Cooke

CEO and Shareholder

Auburn Malakaza

Site manager and Shareholder

Samuel Van Rooyen

Farm Manager

Raymond Ferreira

Hatchery manager

Jacques Van De Heever

Hatchery assistant manager

Shahieda Afrika


Bennie Ovies

Maintenance supervisor

Jacques Blankenberg

Section supervisor

Alistair Klassen

Section supervisor

Pieter Cloete

Section supervisor


For any kind of query, contact us with the details below.

  • Tel/Fax : 027 215 1107
  • doringbayabalone@gmail.com
  • 427 Quality Street, Doring Bay 8151
    P.O. Box 181

Get in touch

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